Dashboard

Dashboard is a visualization of current key performance indicators in order to enable faster response to changes in areas such as sales, customer relations, performance assessments, and inventory levels.

Data mart

A database, or collection of databases, designed to help managers make strategic decisions about their business. Whereas a data warehouse combines databases across an entire enterprise, data marts is subset of a data warehouse and are usually smaller and focus on a particular subject or department.

Data mining

A type of database application that analyzes data to identify patterns or relationships.

Data warehouse

A data warehouse is a database geared towards the business intelligence requirements of an organization. The data warehouse integrates data from the various operational systems and is typically loaded from these systems at regular intervals. Data warehouses contain historical information that enables analysis of business performance over time.

Depreciation

A reduction in the value of a tangible asset over time due to wear, age or obsolescence; the allocation of the cost of an asset over time for accounting and tax purposes – an annual depreciation charge in accounts represents the amount of capital assets used up in the accounting period.

Discount

Convertible: Difference between gross parity and a given convertible price. Most often invoked when redemption is expected before the next coupon payment, making it liable for accrued interest. Antithesis of premium.
General: Information that has already been taken into account and is built into a stock or market.
Straight equity: Price lower than that of the last sale or inside market.