Warehouse receipt

Evidence that a firm owns goods stored in a warehouse.

Warehousing

The interim holding period from the time of the closing of a loan to its subsequent marketing to capital market investors.

Warrant

A security entitling the holder to buy a proportionate amount of stock at some specified future date at a specified price, usually one higher than current market price. Warrants are traded as securities whose price reflects the value of the underlying stock. Corporations often bundle warrants with another class of security to enhance the marketability of the other class. Warrants are like call options, but with much longer time spans-sometimes years. And, warrants are offered by corporations, while exchange-traded call options are not issued by firms.

Weak market

A market with few buyers and many sellers and a declining trend in prices.

Window dressing

Trading activity near the end of a quarter or fiscal year that is designed to improve the appearance of a portfolio to be presented to clients or shareholders. For example, a portfolio manager may sell losing positions so as to display only positions that have gained in value.

Withholding

Used in the context of securities, the illegal practice of a public offering participant keeping some shares in a private account or with a family member, employee, or dealer to profit from the higher market price of a hot issue. Used in the context of taxes, the withholding by an employer of a certain amount of an employee’s income in order to cover the employee’s tax liability. Also used to refer to the withholding by corporations and financial institutions of a flat 10% of interest and dividend payments due to security holders.

Withholding tax

A tax levied by a country of source on income paid, usually on dividends remitted to the home country of the firm operating in a foreign country.

Working Capital

The excess of current assets over current liabilities of any business at any time.

Working capital management

The deployment of current assets and current liabilities so as to maximize short-term liquidity.

Working capital ratio

Working capital expressed as a percentage of sales.

Working control

Control of a corporation by a shareholder or shareholders having less than 51% voting interest because of the wide dispersion of share ownership.

Working order

Standing order in the marketplace, through which a broker bids or offers to fill the order in a series of lots at opportune times in hopes of obtaining the best price.